Case marking on pronouns (Hungarian)

Suppl: The pronominal paradigm for case includes suppletive forms.

(1) ki-hez jö-tt-él? hozzád.

who-all come-pst-2sg you.all

’Who did you come to see? You.

(2) ki-nek van toll-a? nekem.

who-dat have.prs.3sg pen-3sg I.dat

’Who has a pen? I do.’

In Hungarian, except for the nominative and the accusative, case-marked personal pronouns are formed by attaching person affixes to the case­ marking suffixes as stems. The nominative form of the personal pronoun can extend these compositional forms in the emphatic function: e.g. tőlem ‘from me’ ­ éntőlem ‘from ME’ (D. Mátai 2003a: 212‒216). The accusative forms in the first and the second person (engem, téged, minket, titeket) are idiosyncratic even in relation to each other.


Nikolett F. Gulyás