Morphosyntactic alignment of nouns (Hungarian)

Nom: Two categories are distinguished from a morphosyntactic perspective: 1. [Sa, Snona, Aa and Anona];  2. [P]. This type is known as nominative or nominative–accusative.

(1) bence fél.

Bence fear.prs.3sg

‘Bence is afraid.’

(2) bence ül.

Bence sit.prs.3sg

’Bence is sitting.’

(3) bence szeret-i a rockzené-t.

Bence like-prs.obj.3sg the rock_music-acc

’Bence likes rock music.’

(4) bence egy cikk-et olvas.

Bence an article-acc read.prs.3sg

’Bence is reading an article.’

In Hungarian, the nominal subject/agent of both intransitive (1)–(2) and transitive (3)–(4) verbs is marked with the nominative case. The patient of a transitive clause takes the accusative case.


Nikolett F. Gulyás