Morphosyntactic alignment of pronouns (P) (Hungarian)

Nom: Two categories are distinguished from a morphosyntactic perspective: 1. [Sa, Snona, Aa and Anona];  2. [P]. This type is known as nominative or nominative–accusative.

(1) bence fél.

Bence fear.prs.3sg

‘Bence is afraid.’

(2) bence ül.

Bence sit.prs.3sg

‘Bence is sitting.’

(3) bence szeret-i ő-t.

Bence love-prs.obj.3sg (s)he-acc

‘Bence loves him/her.’

(4) bence ő-t keres-i.

Bence (s)he-acc look_for-prs.obj.3sg

‘Bence is looking for him/her.’

In Hungarian, the nominal subject/agent of both intransitive (1)–(2) and transitive (3)–(4) verbs is marked with the nominative case. The patient of a transitive clause takes the accusative case.


Nikolett F. Gulyás