Nom: Two categories are distinguished from a morphosyntactic perspective: 1. [Sa, Snona, Aa and Anona]; 2. [P]. This type is known as nominative or nominative–accusative.
(1) bence fél.
‘Bence is afraid.’
(2) bence ül.
‘Bence is sitting.’
(3) bence szeret-i ő-t.
Bence love-prs.obj.3sg (s)he-acc
‘Bence loves him/her.’
(4) bence ő-t keres-i.
Bence (s)he-acc look_for-prs.obj.3sg
‘Bence is looking for him/her.’
In Hungarian, the nominal subject/agent of both intransitive (1)–(2) and transitive (3)–(4) verbs is marked with the nominative case. The patient of a transitive clause takes the accusative case.