Marking of causal relationships (Northern Mansi)

CauseV: Causal relationships are marked by a special verb form in the reason clause.

CauseWV1: Causal relationships are exclusively and obligatorily marked by an independent word (referent) in the main clause.

(1) am ľēkkar pāγ min-as-um, puŋk-um aγminǝγ ōl-ne maγǝs.
I doctor to go-pst-1sg head-1sg ache be-ptcp.prs because
‘I went to the doctor because I had a headache.’ (S. D.)

(2) am ľēkkar pāγ min-as-um, tuw oma-m-n ťet-im maγǝs.
I doctor to go-pst-1sg there mother-1sg-lat send-conv because
‘I went to the doctor because my mother sent me.’ (S. D.)

(3) miša ūs-n ta urǝl at min-as, wertaljot-n at ūntt-uw-es.
Misha town-lat that about not go-pst.3sg helicopter-lat not take-pass.3sg-pst
‘Misha didn’t go to the town because the helicopter didn’t pick him up.’ (S. D.)

In Northern Mansi, participle constructions are used typically to express causation. The constructions with the participle (1) and the gerund (2) always require an element meaning ‘because’ to appear in the subordinate clause (cf. Sz. Kispál 1966).

Apart from the above-mentioned constructions, there is a third type, which contains two finite verbs and a relative pronoun (3). In the example, the passive form of the verb is used, thus the second lative marks the agent and the ta urǝl element functions as a relativizer.


Szilvia Németh