Second-person prohibition (Northern Mansi)

Proh=ImpNegSpec: Prohibitive and affirmative imperative verb forms are the same, with negation expressed using a different strategy than in negative declarative sentences.

(1) juw at min-ēγ-ǝn.
home not go-prs-2sg
‘You are not going home’ (S. D.)

(2) juw min-en!
home go-imp.prs.2sg
‘Go home!’ (S. D.)

(3) juw ul min-en!
home imp.neg go-imp.prs.2sg
‘Don’t go home!” (S. D.)

In Northern Mansi, declarative negation is coded by the base form of the verb and the at ‘not’ negative particle (1). In the imperative mood, the verb takes a special imperative suffix (cf. Riese 2001: 45). Prohibition is expressed by the imperative form of the verb and the ul ‘no’ negative particle (3) (Kálmán 1976: 68).


Szilvia Németh