IntrCeeAccP: The causee appears as the direct object; in nominative languages, this is the accusative case.
(1a) ńēwrem ńaɣ-əʌ.
‘The child is laughing.’ (L. N. K.)
(1b) āŋki ńēwrem-əʌ ńaɣəʌ-tə-ʌ.
mother child-3sg laugh-caus-prs.3sg
‘The mother is making her child laugh.’ (L. N. K.)
(2a) ńēwrem ɔ̄məs-tə pəsan-a ӯməʌ-ʌ.
child sit-prs.ptc table-lat sit_down-prs.3sg
‘The child is sitting down at the table.’ (L. N. K.)
(2b) āŋki ńēwrem-əʌ ɔ̄məs-tə pəsan-a ӯmʌə-ptə-ʌ.
mother child-3sg sit-prs.ptc table-lat sit_down-caus-prs.3sg
‘The mother is getting her child to sit down at the table.’ (L. N. K.)
(2c) āŋki ʌüw-at ɔ̄məs-tə pəsan-a ӯmʌə-ptə-ʌ.
mother he-acc sit-prs.ptc table-lat sit_down-caus-prs.3sg
‘The mother is getting him to sit down at the table.’ (L. N. K.)
(2d) ńēwrem āŋki-nə ɔ̄məstə pəsan-a ӯmʌə-ptə-ʌ-i.
child mother-loc sit-prs.ptc table-lat sit_down-caus-prs-pass.3sg
‘The mother iis getting her child to sit down at the table.’
In Surgut Khanty, intransitive verbs can be transformed into casuatives with the help of the transitive derivational suffix (1ab), (2ab). The causee is in the object position, though, if it is expressed by a nominal, it takes the nominative case (1b), (2b). Only personal pronouns have distinct accusative forms (2c). In order to differentiate the semantic roles in the surface structure, the construction can appear in the passive voice, where the agent becomes salient by its locative suffix (2d).