Person marking on non-­personal pronominal adpositions (Surgut Khanty)

AdpPNonPM: Person marking cannot be expressed on non-­personal pronominal adpositions.

(1a) pūpi məŋ kīńťa-ɣəw wökkəŋ.

bear we cmpr-1pl strong

‘The bear is stronger than us.’

(1b) pūpi čēwer kīńťa wökkəŋ.

bear rabbit cmpr strong

‘A bear is stronger than a rabbit.’

(1c) pūpi ťūt kīńťa wökkəŋ.

bear that cmpr strong

‘A bear is stronger than that.’

(1d) qojaɣi kīńťa pūpi wökkəŋ?

who cmpr bear strong

‘Who is stronger than a bear?’

In Surgut Khanty, some postpositions can take personal suffixes, for example the comparative kīńťa ‘compared to’ postposition if its complement is a personal pronoun (1a). Next to non-personal pronouns (e.g. demonstratives (1c) or interrogative pronouns (1d)) and nouns (1b), the postposition is not marked for person.


Márta Csepregi