Syntactic distribution of person marking within possessed nouns alongside nominal possessors (Surgut Khanty)

GenPossAff~Nonaff: Possessed nouns are optionally marked with possessive affixes; or, the use of such affixes is determined by considerations other than the form of the possessor noun.

(1) ʌājəm

man axe

‘the man’s axe’

(2) äwi säm-ɣən

girl eye-du

‘the girl’s eyes’

(3) jūwan qūt-əʌ ťətti.

John house-3sg here

‘John’s house is here.’ (L. N. K.)

In Surgut Khanty, the noun denoting the possessed entity can only take a personal suffix alongside an overt possessor; when it is the subject of an adverbial predicate (3).


Márta Csepregi