Adjectives as verbs (Synja Khanty)

AdjNotVMorph: Adjectives are distinct from verbs in their morphological and syntactic behavior.

(1) jɔ̄x wɔ̄j wēl-l-ǝt.

people animal kill-prs-3pl

’Men hunt (animals).’ (S. O.)

(2) jɔ̄x wɔ̄j wēl-s-ǝt.

people animal kill-pst-3pl

’The men hunted (animals).’ (S. O.)

(3) jux ūn.

tree big

’The tree is big.’ (S. O.)

(4) jux-ǝt ūn-ǝt.

tree-pl big-pl

’The trees are big.’ (S. O.)

(5) jux-ǝt ūn-ǝt ū-s-ǝt.

tree-pl big-pl cop-pst-3pl

’The trees were big.’ (S. O.)

In Synja Khanty, verbs are marked for the person and number of the subject, tense, mood and definiteness (Honti 1984: 47‒55, Sz. Kispál ‒ F. Mészáros 1980: 34‒44). Adjectives in the predicative function agree with the subject, but (unlike verbs) only in number (Onina 2009: 29).


Nikolett F. Gulyás