Basic SV word order (Synja Khanty)

SV: The basic word order is SV, no additional word order exists.

(1) pox (ūt-ǝn) xūxǝl-ǝl.

boy forest-loc run-prs.3sg

’The boy is running.’ (S. O.)

(2) pox ol-ǝl.

boy sleep- prs.3sg

’The boy is sleeping.’ (S. O.)

In Synja Khanty, the subject of intransitive (and transitive) verbs is the first element of neutral sentence, while the verbal predicate is at the end (cf. Honti 1984: 88‒89, Nikolaeva 1999a: 57‒61). The position of the subject is independent of verbal semantics.


Nikolett F. Gulyás