SyncCoreCase: Nouns show case marking, and syncretism occurs only in core cases.
(1) ńāwrem ńāń lē-l.
child bread eat-prs.3sg
‘The child is eating bread.’ (S. O.)
(2) lij manem śijǝlǝ-s-ǝt.
they I.acc notice-pst-3pl
‘They noticed me.’ (Onina 2011: 53)
(3) iki manem ńāń ma-l.
man I.dat bread give-prs.3sg
‘The man is giving me bread.’ (S. O.)
(4) mā iki-ja ńāń ma-l-ǝm.
I man-lat bread give-prs-1sg
‘I’m giving bread to the man.’ (S. O.)
In Synja Khanty, nouns have three cases (nominative, lative, locative), while pronouns have four (nominative, accusative-dative, lative, locative). There is case syncretism between the nominative and the accusative-dative forms. Nouns in the object position (1) take the nominative case, while pronouns (2) are in their accusative-dative forms (Honti 1984: 60‒65, Onina 2009: 23‒26,30, Sz. Kispál ‒ F. Mészáros 1980: 27‒28, 32‒33). (Nouns as recipients (beneficiaries) are marked with the lative case (4), while pronouns in the same function are in their accusative-dative forms (3).)