Habitive constructions (Synja Khanty)

HabPossTrns: The possessor is the functional and/or grammatical subject, the possessed is the direct object of a transitive verb expressing possession. These verbs can often be traced back to words referring to physical inspection or handling. This type is known as the ‘have’ possessive.


(1) sergej jam pila taj-əl.

Sergey good saw possess-prs.3sg

‘Sergey has a good saw.’ (S. O.)


(2) muŋ āp taj-l-uw.

we dog possess-prs-1pl

‘We have a dog.’ (Onina 2011: 49)

In Synja Khanty, the possessive relationship is denoted by the tajti ‘possess’ verb (Honti 1984). Both the possessor and the possessed entity are unmarked in the sentence. The word order of the construction is: possessor – possessed entity – habeo verb.


Nikolett F. Gulyás