Order of comparative attributive constructions (Synja Khanty)

StAdj: The order is standard, adjective; markers are not used.

StAdjM: The order is standard, adjective, marker.

(1) luw ēʟt-el ūn pox

(s)he from-3sg big boy

‘the boy who is older than him/her’ (S. O.)

(2) xɔ̄t ɔ̄w ēʟti jēša jēl-šǝk āp xɔ̄t

house door from little far-comp dog house

‘the dog house which is a bit farther from the door of the house’ (Onina 2011: 18)

In Synja Khanty, comparative meanings can be expressed using either the basic form of the adjective (1) or its comparative form with the ­-šǝk derivational suffix  (2), followed, in both cases, by the postposition ēʟti, which has and ablative meaning (cf. Honti 1984:  65‒66,  S.  O.). The comparative standard precedes the adjective, which is followed by the optional comparative marker.


Nikolett F. Gulyás