Person marking on verbs (Synja Khanty)

APM: The verb displays person agreement with only A.

(1) naŋen ūjat-l-em.

I you.acc know-prs-obj.1sg

‘I know you.’ (S. O.)

(2) luwel ūjat-l-em.

I (s)he.acc know-prs-obj.1sg

’I know him / her.’ (S. O.)

(3) miša ūjat-l-em.

I Misha know-prs-obj.1sg

‘I know Misha.’ (S. O.)

(4) lijlal ūjat-l-em.

I they.acc know-prs-obj.1sg

‘I know them.’ (S. O.)

(5) miša manem ūjat-l-alli.

Misha I.acc know-prs-obj.3sg

‘Misha knows me.’ (S. O.)

(6) miša muŋew ūjat-l-alli.

Misha we.acc know-prs-obj.3sg

‘Misha knows us.’ (S. O.)

In Synja Khanty, the verb is agreed with the subject (agent) in number and person. There are two verbal conjugations: a determinate and an indeterminate. The number of the object (singular, dual, plural) is always reflected on the verb form, but verbal suffix does not carry information about the person of the object (Honti 1984: 99‒101, Onina 2009, S. O.).


Nikolett F. Gulyás