Reflexive pronouns and intensifiers

Reflexive pronouns are expressions that indicate that a non-subject argument of a transitive predicate is coreferential with (or bound by) the subject. Intensifiers are focused, prosodically prominent expressions that can be adjoined to noun phrases or verb phrases, evoking alternatives to the referent of the NP they relate to.[1] In some languages, reflexive pronouns and intensifiers take the same form (with only their distribution distinguishing them), while in other languages they have distinct forms.[2]


Refl=Intens: Reflexive pronouns and intensifiers are identical in form.

Refl~Intens: Reflexive pronouns and intensifiers are partially identical in form.[3]

ReflNonIntens: Reflexive pronouns and intensifiers are distinct in form.


[1] They may be adnominal (The director himself opened the letter) or adverbial (The director opened the letter himself).

[2] In either case, it may be possible for intensifiers to intensify reflexive pronouns. Such occurrences may be noted in the commentary.

[3] The specifics should be detailed in the commentary. Possible examples include, but are not limited to, the following cases: (1) a reflexive pronoun is the combination of a pronoun and an intensifier; (2) multiple reflexive pronouns exist, of which some are identical to a given intensifier, while others are not; (3) the language has distinct intensifiers for adnominal and adverbial use, and only one shares a form with the reflexive pronoun.